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小知识-挖掘机挖斗有哪几类?

日期:2018-10-31   来源:http://www.dyqicheng.com/
加长臂发掘机租借教你辨认发掘机挖斗的分类:
 
Hire a long arm excavator to hire you to identify the classification of excavator bucket.
 
依据其机械动作原理的不同,分为正铲、反铲、抓斗、拉铲。
 
According to their mechanical action principle, they are divided into positive shovel, backhoe, grab bucket and dragline.
加长臂挖掘机出租
依据其结构原料功用的不同:分为规范型挖斗,加强型挖斗,岩石型挖斗
 
According to the different functions of their structural materials, they are divided into standard bucket, reinforced bucket and rock bucket.
 
依据其工况功用效果的不同:分为土方斗、岩石斗、松土斗、水沟斗、栅搏斗、抓斗、清洁斗、歪斜斗等。
 
According to the different working conditions, they can be divided into earthwork bucket, rock bucket, loosening bucket, ditch bucket, grid bucket, grab bucket, cleaning bucket, skew bucket and so on.
 
依据其机械动作的不同,分为正铲、反铲、抓斗、拉铲。
 
According to their mechanical action, they are divided into positive shovel, backhoe, grab bucket and dragline.
 
发掘机正铲铰装于斗杆端部,经过油缸驱动,作业时发掘力由下向上,发掘轨道常呈弧线,适于开挖停机面以上的沙土、碎石、煤矿等作业。
 
The excavator shovel is hinged at the end of the bucket rod, driven by the cylinder, and the excavation force is driven from the bottom to the top. The excavation track is often in an arc, which is suitable for excavating sand, gravel and coal mines above the stopping surface.
 
发掘机反铲:与斗杆连杆铰接,经过油缸驱动,作业时发掘力由上向下,发掘轨道呈圆弧线,适于开挖停机面以下的土层、砂石、煤矿等施工作业。
 
Excavator backhoe: articulated with bucket rod connecting rod, driven by oil cylinder, the excavation force is up and down during operation, and the excavation track is in circular arc. It is suitable for excavating the soil layer, sand and stone, coal mine and other construction operations below the stopping surface.
 
发掘机抓斗似贝壳形,使用液压油缸驱动抓斗似贝壳的张合来抓取物料或是绳子卷扬笔直依自重切入物料机械抓取;一般应用于修建基坑发掘、深坑发掘及煤、沙、坭、碎石等较松懈物料的装载,特别适用于沟或受限制的空间的一侧进行发掘或装载。
 
Excavator grab is like shell, using hydraulic cylinder to drive grab like shell to grasp materials or rope hoisted straight in accordance with self-weight into the mechanical grasp of materials; generally used in the construction of foundation pit excavation, deep pit excavation and coal, sand, pick, gravel and other loose materials loading, especially suitable for ditches or restricted space Excavation or loading on one side.
 
发掘机拉铲呈畚箕形,有齿座板与斗齿。作业时将铲斗掷于发掘面上,铲齿借自重切入土层,然后经过引索拉曳铲斗发掘,挖满后由提高索将斗提起,经过转向台转向调理卸土点,铲斗翻转卸土。可挖停机面以下的土壤,但发掘精度差。
 
The excavator dragline has a dustpan shape, a toothed seat plate and bucket teeth. During the excavation, the bucket is thrown on the excavation surface, and the tooth of the bucket cuts into the soil layer with its own weight. After excavation, the bucket is lifted by the lifting rope after being excavated. After turning to the turntable, the bucket is turned over and unloaded. The soil below the downtime can be excavated, but the excavation accuracy is poor.
 
发掘机挖斗按结构原料功用分为:规范型挖斗、加强型挖斗、岩石型挖斗。
 
Excavating machine bucket is divided into standard bucket, reinforced bucket and rock bucket according to the function of structural material.
 
规范型挖斗资料选用国产优质高强度结构钢Q345B,规范斗特色:斗口面积较大,具有较大的堆装面,因而具有较高的装满系数;节约作业时刻,效率高。适用环境一般黏土的发掘和沙、土、砾石的装载等轻作业环境。
 
The data of the standard type hopper is made of high quality and high strength structural steel Q345B. The characteristics of the standard hopper are as follows: the area of the hopper mouth is large and the stacking surface is large, so the hopper has a higher filling coefficient, and the working time is saved and the efficiency is high. It is suitable for the excavation of environmental general clay and light working environment such as sand, soil and gravel loading.
 
加强型挖斗是在规范型挖斗的基础上对高应力和易损部位选用高强耐磨钢资料进行制作和补强;易损部位齿座板和侧刃板资料选用国产优质高强度耐磨钢NM360,板材加厚,延长使用寿数。承继了规范斗的一切长处并较大的提高了强度和耐磨性。适用环境为发掘硬土、碎石、砾石的装载等重载作业。
 
Strengthened bucket is made of high-strength and wear-resistant steel material for high-stress and vulnerable parts on the basis of standard bucket, and high-quality and high-strength wear-resistant steel NM360 is selected for tooth base plate and side edge plate for vulnerable parts, and the plate is thickened to prolong service life. It has inherited all the virtues of specification bucket and has greatly improved its strength and wear resistance. The suitable environment is to excavate hard soil, gravel and gravel loading.
 
岩石型挖斗底部添加加固板;添加侧护板;设备防护板,在挖斗的底部选用双圆弧规划,以添加踵部的接地空隙,减轻磨损;在与斗杆连接处选用空隙可调理套设备;选用瑞典HARDOX超高强度耐磨钢,使产品寿数延长了几倍;斗齿用岩石专用斗齿。使产品的可靠性高、发掘功用更好、经济性更为杰出。适用环境:土中混有较硬石块、次坚石、风化石的发掘;坚石、爆炸后的矿石的装载等重作业。
 
In order to reduce wear and tear, double circular arc plan is adopted at the bottom of the excavator to add grounding gap at the heel, adjustable gap sleeve equipment is selected at the connection with bucket bar, Swedish HARDOX ultra-high strength wear-resistant steel is selected to prolong the life of the product several times. Special rock teeth for bucket teeth. The product has high reliability, better excavating function and better economic performance. Applicable environment: excavation of hard stones, sub-hard stones and weathered fossils mixed in soil; loading of hard stones and explosive ores etc.
 
发掘机挖斗按工况功用效果还分为土方斗、岩石斗、松土斗、水沟斗、筛搏斗、抓斗、清洁斗、歪斜斗等。
 
The excavator bucket can also be divided into earthwork bucket, rock bucket, loosening bucket, ditch bucket, sieve bucket, grab bucket, cleaning bucket, skew bucket and so on.
 
土方斗:一般用于粘土的发掘和沙、土、砾石的装载等轻作业环境。斗口面积较大,具有较大的堆装面,因而具有较高的装满系数;节约作业时刻,效率高。
 
Earthwork bucket: generally used for excavation of clay and light working environment such as sand, earth and gravel loading. Bucket mouth area is larger, with a larger stacking surface, so it has a higher filling coefficient; save operating time, high efficiency.
 
岩石斗:用于土中混有较硬石块、次坚石、风化石的发掘;坚石、爆炸后的矿石的装载等重作业。强度耐磨钢,发掘功用更好、经济性更为杰出。
 
Rock bucket: It is used to excavate hard stone, sub-hard stone and weathered fossil mixed with soil, and to load hard stone and explosive ore. Strength wear-resistant steel, excavation function better, economic excellence.
 
松土斗:用于硬土或是冻土施工作业,一般有单齿或多齿,斗齿尖锐,容易破土。
 
Loosening bucket: used in hard or frozen soil construction operations, usually with single or multiple teeth, bucket teeth sharp, easy to break the soil.
 
水沟斗:适用于各种形状水沟的开挖,水沟开挖一次成形,无需修整,作业效率高。
 
Ditch bucket: Suitable for all kinds of ditches excavation, ditch excavation once formed, no need to repair, high efficiency.
 
筛搏斗:适用于别离较松懈物料的发掘,发掘与别离一次完成,广泛用于市政、农业、林业、水利、土石方工程。
 
Screening and Fighting: Suitable for the excavation of loose materials, excavation and parting once completed, widely used in municipal, agricultural, forestry, water conservancy, earthwork.
 
抓斗:笔直抓取,适用于修建地基的基坑发掘、深坑发掘及煤、沙、坭、碎石等那些较松懈物料的装载等,特别适用于沟或受限制的空间的一侧进行发掘或装载。
 
Grab: Straight grasp, suitable for excavation of foundation pit, excavation of deep pit and loading of loose materials such as coal, sand, pickaxe and gravel, especially for excavation or loading on one side of ditch or restricted space.
 
清洁斗及歪斜斗:适用于斜坡等平面的修整及河道、水沟的大容量清淤、清洁工作,其间歪斜斗能经过油缸来改变清洁斗的歪斜视点,大大提高工作效率。
 
Cleaning bucket and inclined bucket: It is suitable for the rectification of slope and other plane, large capacity dredging and cleaning of river and ditch, during which the inclined bucket can change the inclined view of the cleaning bucket through the oil tank, greatly improving the working efficiency.
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